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Greyhound Running Videotrack race 10-11-12 February 2018 #2 - dog race 2018 - racing greyhounds They do not come under the control of the Greyhound Board of Borussia dortmund tasse Britain. Cost Effective Online coaching allows us to provide a similar break da bank again casino to typical personal training at a online casino freispiele kostenlos of the price. In New Dynamo englisch, around dogs are bred each year for racing,  and around — are imported from Australia. Smith had altruistic aims for the industry to stop the killing of the jack rabbits and see "greyhound racing as we see horse racing". All tracks in the United Kingdom have to have tuch english veterinary surgeon and veterinary room partycasino app on site during geld verdienen online spiele. The name "Greyhound" is generally believed to come from the Old English grighund. Failure to comply can result in lifetime termination of van der zee harlem book of the dead and a ban from the sport. The industry emerged in its recognizable deutschland spiel em heute form, featuring circular or oval tracks, with the invention of the mechanical or artificial hare, inby an American, Owen Patrick Smith. Greyhound racing is a popular industry in Great Britain with attendances at around 3. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Historically, the Greyhound has, since its first appearance as a hunting type and breed, enjoyed a specific degree of fame and definition in Western literature, heraldry and art as the most elegant or noble companion and hunter of the canine world.
In modern times, the professional racing industry, with its large numbers of track-bred Greyhounds, as well as international adoption programs aimed at rescuing and re-homing dogs that were at a surplus to the industry.
They have redefined the breed in their almost mutually dependent pursuit of its welfare- as a sporting dog that will supply friendly companionship in its retirement.
There is an emerging pattern visible in recent years — of a significant decline in track betting and multiple track closures in the US, which will have consequences for the origin of future companion Greyhounds and the re-homing of current ex-racers.
Greyhounds are typically a healthy and long-lived breed, and hereditary illness is rare. Some Greyhounds have been known to develop esophageal achalasia , gastric dilatation volvulus also known as bloat , and osteosarcoma.
If exposed to E. The average lifespan of a Greyhound is 10 to 14 years. Greyhounds cannot metabolize barbiturate -based anesthesia in the same way that other breeds can because their livers have lower amounts of oxidative enzymes.
Greyhounds are very sensitive to insecticides. Products like Advantage , Frontline , Lufenuron , and Amitraz are safe for use on Greyhounds, however, and are very effective in controlling fleas and ticks.
Greyhounds have higher levels of red blood cells than other breeds. Since red blood cells carry oxygen to the muscles, this higher level allows the hound to move larger quantities of oxygen faster from the lungs to the muscles.
Greyhounds do not have undercoats and thus are less likely to trigger dog allergies in humans they are sometimes incorrectly referred to as " hypoallergenic ".
The lack of an undercoat, coupled with a general lack of body fat, also makes Greyhounds more susceptible to extreme temperatures both hot and cold ; because of this, they must be housed inside.
The key to the speed of a Greyhound can be found in its light but muscular build, large heart , highest percentage of fast-twitch muscle of any breed,   double suspension gallop , and extreme flexibility of its spine.
Greyhound-type dogs of small, medium, and large size, appear to have been bred across Europe since that time. All modern, pure-bred pedigree Greyhounds derive from the Greyhound stock recorded and registered first in private studbooks in the 18th century, then in public studbooks in the 19th century, which ultimately were registered with coursing, racing, and kennel club authorities of the United Kingdom.
Historically, these sighthounds were used primarily for hunting in the open where their keen eyesight was valuable.
It is believed that they or at least similarly named dogs were introduced to the British Isles in the 5th and 6th century BC from Celtic mainland Europe , although the Picts and other peoples of the northern British Isles modern Scotland were believed to have had large hounds similar to that of the deerhound before the 6th century BC.
The name "Greyhound" is generally believed to come from the Old English grighund. Its origin does not appear to have any common root with the modern word "grey"  for color, and indeed the Greyhound is seen with a wide variety of coat colors.
The lighter colors, patch-like markings and white appeared in the breed that was once ordinarily grey in color. The Greyhound is the only dog mentioned by name in the Bible; many versions, including the King James version, name the Greyhound as one of the "four things stately" in the Proverbs.
However, the Douay—Rheims Bible translation from the late 4th-century Latin Vulgate into English translates this term as "a cock. English grey , Old High German gris "grey, old," Old Icelandic griss "piglet, pig," Old Icelandic gryja "to dawn," gryjandi "morning twilight," Old Irish grian "sun," Old Church Slavonic zorja "morning twilight, brightness.
Media related to Greyhound at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the breed of dog.
For other uses, see Greyhound disambiguation. Retrieved 23 December Retired Racing Greyhounds for Dummies , p.
Retired Racing Greyhounds for Dummies. Adopting the Racing Greyhound , p. Howell Book House, New York. Archived from the original on 27 January Retrieved 3 September Greyhound Racing in Australia".
Retrieved 6 June Morrie, and Fegan, Desmond P. Care of the Racing and Retired Greyhound , p. In other countries, particularly Australia, Ireland, Macau, Mexico, Spain, the UK and the US, greyhound racing is part of the gambling industry and similar to horse racing — although less profitable.
Animal rights and animal welfare groups  are critical of the welfare of greyhounds in the commercial racing industry.
Modern greyhound racing has its origins in coursing. The industry emerged in its recognizable modern form, featuring circular or oval tracks, with the invention of the mechanical or artificial hare, in , by an American, Owen Patrick Smith.
Smith had altruistic aims for the industry to stop the killing of the jack rabbits and see "greyhound racing as we see horse racing".
The oval track and mechanical hare were introduced to Britain, in , by another American, Charles Munn, in association with Major Lyne-Dixson, a Canadian, who was a key figure in coursing.
Finding other supporters proved rather difficult however and with the General Strike of looming, the two men scoured the country in an attempt to find others who would join them.
The industry was successful in cities and towns throughout the UK — by the end of , there were forty tracks operating. The industry of greyhound racing was particularly attractive to predominantly male working-class audiences, for whom the urban locations of the tracks and the evening times of the meetings were accessible, and to patrons and owners from various social backgrounds.
Betting has always been a key ingredient of greyhound racing, both through on-course bookmakers and the totalisator , first introduced in Like horse racing , it is popular to bet on the greyhound races as a form of parimutuel gambling.
Sponsorship, limited television coverage, and the later abolition of on-course betting tax have partially offset this decline.
Commercial greyhound racing is characterized by several criteria, including legalized gambling, the existence of a regulatory structure, the physical presence of racetracks, whether the host state or subdivision shares in any gambling proceeds, fees charged by host locations, the use of professional racing kennels, the number of dogs participating in races, the existence of an official racing code, and membership in a greyhound racing federation or trade association.
In addition to the eight countries where commercial greyhound racing exists, in at least twenty-one countries dog racing occurs, but has not yet reached a commercial stage.
The medical care of a racing greyhound is primarily the responsibility of the trainer while in training. All tracks in the United Kingdom have to have a veterinary surgeon and veterinary room facilities on site during racing.
Doping cases have been reported in greyhound racing. The racing industry in several countries is actively working to prevent the spread of this practice; attempts are being made to recover urine samples from all greyhounds in a race, not just the winners.
Greyhounds from which samples cannot be obtained for a certain number of consecutive races are subject to being ruled off the track in some countries.
Violators are subject to criminal penalties and loss of their racing licenses by state gaming commissions and a permanent ban from the National Greyhound Association.
The trainer of the greyhound is at all times the "absolute insurer" of the condition of the animal. The best dogs are kept for breeding and there are industry-associated adoption groups and rescue groups that work to obtain retired racing greyhounds and place them as pets.
In the United Kingdom, the Greyhound Board of Great Britain GBGB have introduced measures to locate where racing greyhounds reside after they have retired from racing and as from records have been available to the public.
In recent years the racing industry has made significant progress in establishing programs for the adoption of retired racers. Greyhound racing has been a source of controversy in several countries.
A number of animal welfare organizations are critical of the greyhound racing industry in several countries, alleging that industry standard practices are cruel and inhumane, and that the industry violates animal welfare laws and conceals evidence of wrongdoing.
On 17 November , the Congress banned greyhound racing. Greyhounds Australasia was formed in and consists of governing bodies in Australian states and New Zealand, which regulate greyhound welfare and living conditions.
Most racing authorities in Australia have organized and funded Greyhound Adoption arms, which house dozens of greyhounds a month, as well as partly supporting private volunteer organisations.
Each Australian state and territory has a governing greyhound racing body. Greyhounds are checked for parasites, malnourishment, or any other medical conditions by an on-course vet before being able to compete.
In Australia the buying and selling of greyhounds is subject to oversight by the states and territories. The review concluded that there was widespread cover-ups and deception of the public.
Other key findings in the report included: The report also found up to twenty percent of trainers engaged in illegal live baiting practices, and that for the industry to remain viable, 2, to 4, greyhounds would still be killed each year.
In , a bill was passed through the government of the state New South Wales, in Australia to ban greyhound racing. This new law was to come into effect in the middle of but was reversed in late , albeit with several new restrictions on the industry.
Greyhound racing is a popular industry in Ireland with the majority of tracks falling under the control of the Irish Greyhound Board IGB which is a commercial semi-state body and reports to the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine.
In the greyhound industry Northern Irish tracks are considered to be in the category of Irish greyhound racing and the results are published by the IGB.
They do not come under the control of the Greyhound Board of Great Britain. In New Zealand, around dogs are bred each year for racing,  and around — are imported from Australia.
Very occasionally greyhounds are even returned to overseas owners. There is some concern over the welfare of New Zealand racing greyhounds by a growing animal advocacy lobby  that led the Greyhound Racing Association to initiate an internal inquiry into post-career outcomes in In South Africa dogs are kept with their owners.
Due to the amateur state of racing, owners are usually also the trainer and rearer of the dogs; it is very rare that a dog is kenneled with a trainer.
Racing takes place on both oval and straight tracks. Greyhound racing is a popular industry in Great Britain with attendances at around 3.
There are currently 21 registered stadiums in Britain, and a parimutuel betting tote system with on-course and off-course betting available.
On 24 July , in front of 1, spectators, the first greyhound race took place at Belle Vue Stadium where seven greyhounds raced around an oval circuit to catch an electric artificial hare.
Greyhounds are not kept at the tracks, and are instead housed in the kennels of trainers and transported to the tracks to race. Some of the more prominent stadiums that have closed where greyhound racing has been staged in the past are as follows: Greyhound racing as a whole in the UK peaked in but has been in decline since the opening of betting shops in and despite a mini boom in the late s there are only 21 licensed tracks left in Britain.
In the United States, greyhound racing is governed by state law. Industry attempts at self-regulation have been criticized by humane organizations.
At American tracks, greyhounds are kept in kennel compounds, in crates that are approximately three feet wide, four feet deep, and three feet high.
Each turnout can be from 30 to 90 minutes. In addition to state law and regulations, most tracks adopt their own rules, policies and procedures.
In exchange for the right to race their greyhounds at the track, kennel owners must sign contracts in which they agree to abide by all track rules, including those pertaining to animal welfare.
If kennel owners violate these contract clauses, they stand to lose their track privileges and even their racing licenses.